Tense In English (2020)

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What is Tense in english

Types of tense in english

  1. Past tense
  2. present tense
  3. Future Tense

1-Past tense in English

a) Past Indefinite

b) Past Continuous

c) Past Perfect

d) Past Perfect Continuous

2-Present tense in English

a) Present Indefinite

b) Present Continuous

c) Present Perfect

d) Present Perfect Continuous

3-Future Tense In English

a) Future Indifinite

b) future Continuous

c) future Perfect

d) Future Perfect continuous

(Verb) Tense in English Grammar


1-Main Verb- mainly 3 Forms

Overall 5 Forms

2-Auxilary Verb/Helping Verb

v1 v2 v3 v4 v5
Present form Past Form Past Participle present participle present form
(Plural) (-ing) (Singular)


(play) (Plays)


1- Present Tesne in English

  • Simple Present Tense-
  1. Affirmative

structure-  [s+v1/v5+o]

sub(singular)→obj(singular)→(v5        s/es)

[he,she,it,proper noun(any name)]



I is exception


  • he play football
  • I play football
  • we learn english


No-use in starting

Not-use in 3rd place

Never-use in start of main verb

structure-[s + do/does + not +v1 +o]

  • H.V (do/does)→v1
  • sub(singular)→H.V. (does)
  • sub(plural)→H.V. (do)

Example-She does not speak hindi

I do not Know you


If helping verb is use in starting of subject than will be ? use in last.

structure-[do/does + s + v1 + o + ?]

Example- Do you understand english?

Does she play Football?

D- Interrogative Negative

structure- [H.V. + subject + not + v1 + o + ?]

  • Present Continuous Tense

⇒Any action going on at present

A- Affirmative

structure – [s + is/am/are + v4 + o]


(he,she,it,any name)

sub(plural)→H.V. (are)

(we, you, they)

sub (I)→H.V. (am)


  • she is listening to the radio.
  • They are playing football.
  • I am waiting for the bus.

B- Negative

structure- [s + is/am/are + not + v4 + o]


  • he iss not paying attention to his studies
  • I am not waiting for anyone
  • we are not wasting our time.

C- Interrogative

structure- [is/am/are + s + v4 + o + ?]


  • are you preparing of the exam?
  • Is he talking to his friend?
  • Am I disturbing you?

Present Perfect tense

A- Affirmative

structure- [s + has/have + v3 + o]


{he,she,it any name}

sub (plural)→H.V.(have)

{we,you,they, I}


  • I have read this novel
  • he has reached home.
  • we have seen this movie.

B- Negative

structure- [s + has/have + not + v3 + o]


  • He has not come to school.
  • she has not done her homework.
  • we have not finished the chapter.

C- Interrogative

structure- [has/have + s + v3 + o + ?]


  • Have you read this novel ?
  • Has he come to school ?
  • has she done her home work today ?

Present Perfect Continuous Tense



A- Affirmative

structure- [s + has/have +been +v4 + o + since/for]


  • he has been studying since morning.
  • she has been waiting for the car for an hour.

B- Negative

structure- [s + has/have + not + been + v4 + o + since/for]

example-she has not been going to school for a week.

C- Interrogative

structure- [has/have + s + been + v4 + o + since/for]

example- have you been attending my lecture since 6 o’clock.


2- Past Tense in English

Simple Past Tense


structure- [s + v2 + o]


  • She sang a sweet song.
  • I work him a letter.
  • we saw her yesterday.


structure- [subject + did + not + v1 + o]



  • He did not agree with me.
  • She did not go to school.

C- Interrogative

structure- [did + subject + v1 + o + ?]


  • Did you call me ?
  • Did she eat her foof ?

Past continuous Tense

⇒Any action that was going on in the past.

A- Affirmative

structure- [s + was/were + v4 + o]


{he, she, it, I, Proper Noun}


{we, you, they}


  • She was singing a song.
  • They were waiting ffor me.

B- Negative

structure- [s + was/were + not + v4 + o]


  • she was not listening to me.
  • we were not paying attention to our studies.
  • I was not talking to anyone in the class.

C- Interrogative

structure- [was/were + s + v4 + o + ?]


  • was he preparing for the exam?
  • were you waiting for me ?
  • Past Perfect Tense 

⇒any action that started in the past and finished in the past.

A- affirmative

structure- [s + had + v3 + o]


  • she had finished all the work.
  • he had solved all the sums.
  • I had warned him.

B- Negative

structure- [s + had +not + v3 + o]


  • He had not followed my advice.
  • She had not gone to school.

C- Interrogative

structure- [Had + s + v3 + o + ?]


  • had You followed my advice?
  • Had she prepared the foof ?

Past perfect Continuous tense In English

⇒Any action that was going on in the past and the time was mentioned.

A- Affirmative

structure- [s+ had + been + v4 + o + since/for]


  • She had been watching TV since morning.
  • I had been waiting for him for an hour.

B- negative

structure [s + had + not + been + v4 + o + since/for]


  • She had not been going to college for a week.
  • We had not been studying since afternoon.

C- Interrogative

structure- [had + s + been + v4 + o + since/for + ?]


  • had you been waiting for me for an hour ?
  • Had she been reading the novel since afternoon ?
3-Future tense in English

simple Future tense

⇒To express simple actions of future.

A- Affirmative

structure- [s + will/shall + v1 + o]

B- negative

structure- [s + will/shall + not + v1 + o]


Future tense subject use
affirmative or negative I,We Will,Shall / Shall, We


  • I will buy a car.
  • We shall go to cinema.
  • I will not buy a car.
  • I shall buy a car.
  • we shall not go to cinema.

C- Interrogative

structure- [will/shall + s + v1 + o + ?]


Future tense Subject Use
Interrogative I, We Shall


  • Will you help me ? (write)
  • Will I pass this exam? (wrong)
  • Shall I pass this exam ? (write)
  • Shall we go to cinema ? (write)

Future continuous Tense in English

⇒Any action that will be going on in future.

A- Affirmative

structure- [s + will/shall + be + v4 + o]


  • She will be listening to the radio.
  • He will be reading a novel.

B- Negative

structue-[s +will/shall + not + be +v4 + o]


  • he will not be paying attention to his studies.
  • she will not be doing any work.

C- Interrogative

structure- [will/shall + s + be +v4 + o + ?]

example- will he be waiting for me ?

Future Perfect Tense

⇒Any action which will be completed in future.

A- affirmative

structure- [s + will/shall + havee + v3 + o]


  • He will have solved all the questions.
  • She will have finished the work.

B – Negative

structure- [s + will/shall + not + have + v3 + o]


  • she will not have gone to school.
  • He will not have followed my advice.

C- Interrogative

structure [will/shall + s + have + v3 + o + ?]


  • will he have passed the exam?
  • Shall I have finished the topic?

Future Perfect Continuous tense

A- Affirmative

structure-[s + will/shall + have + been + v4 + o + since/for]

example-she will have been watching movies since morning.

B- Negative

structure- [s + will/shall +not + have + been + v4 + o +since/for]


  • she will not have been going to school for a week.
  • He will not have been paying attention to his studies for a long time.

C – Interrogative.

structure-[will/shall + s + have + been + v4 + o + since/for]


  • will she have been waiting for me for an hour ?
  • will they have been playing football since evening ?



Important Rules

Rule 1-  Keywords





everymonth,everyyear,everysunday etc.


  • she always gets up early in the morning
  • He never tells a lie

rule 2 Universal truths

  • the sun rises in the east
  • The sun set in  the west
  • the earth revolves round the sun.

Rule 3 Scientific facts

  • water boils at 100 degree c
  • water freezes at 0 degree c

rule 4 – Proverb

  • two and two make four barking dogs  seldom bite.

Rule5- TV or radio commentaries

  • Dhoni hits the ball and takes a single

Rule6 Newspaper headlines

  • petrol prices rises from midnight
  • India wins T20 world cup
rule7- planned/Scheduled action of future
  • The prime minister arrives Jaipur tomorrow
  • she goes to England for her higher studies next month.
  • in→january/february
  • on→monday/tuesday                  ⇒         v1/v5
  • next→week/month/year

Rule8 Possesion

  • He belongs to India
  • this book belongs to me
  • I have a car

rule9 Habitual aactivites

  • she always speaks the truth 
  • He never tells a lie
  • we go to cinema everyweek

Rule 10 – If sentence is start here or There also present indefinite

  • Here comes my friend
  • here come my friends
  • there goes the bus

Present continuous tense in english

rule1 keyword

now,right now, presently,

at present,these days,

now a days, at the moment, this moment,

this morning,this evening,currently,etc.


  • he  is doing his homework now
  • the are living in Delhi these days
  • presently I am pursuing my graduation

rule2 a few verbs re generally not used in there progressive/v4 form

Instead they are used in v1/v5 forms

verbs- she, hear,feel,smell,think,hope,believe,



  • a) I am understanding your problem(wrong)
  • b) I understand your problem(right)
  • c) I am not believing you(wrong)
  • d) I don’t believe you(right)
  • e) I am hearing a noise outside (wrong)
  • f) I hear a noise outside(right)
  • Note-  The judge is hearing the case(right)

Rule 3- unfavourable habits/Negative habits → present continuous tense

  • she always gets up early in the morning (general habits)
  • she is always getting up late in the morning (negative habits)
  • he is always coming late in the school
  • you are always telling lies

structure- [s + is/am/are + always + v4 + o]

rule4 future  actions

  • the movie is releasing this friday
  • he is coming home next week
Present perfect tense in english

rule1- keywords

just,just now, already,recently

  • He has just returned home 
  • I have already read this novel
  • he always speaks the truth 
  • He has always spoken the truth
  • she has never told a lie

Rule 2- since/for

  • a) I have been living in Delhi  for three years
  • b)I have lived in Delhi for two yearrs
  • c)I have no  seen  her since monday

Rule 3- yet

  • He has not returned home yet.
  • you have not returned my book yet.



















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